Root canal treatment or therapy is a procedure of removing an infected tissue or bacteria in your root canal so that you can be relieved of pain. The main aim of this procedure is to save a tooth that is badly infected or decayed
With modern technology and techniques, root canal service is now a simple and comfortable process that requires only a single or two trips to your orthodontist or dentist.
Your dentist only recommends a root canal if you have an infection in your tooth. Bacteria caused by an injury can damage the pulp of your tooth or if you have a cavity. If the infection is not treated, it becomes severe and weakens the tooth, and the only option is to have your tooth removed.
Before opting for this therapy, you should know what to expect during the procedure. This article will guide you in understanding the systematic process of root canal treatment.
A root canal is a relatively simple procedure done by an endodontist. The dentist cleans your infected pulps and fills the canals. In addition, a crown is recommended after the procedure to cover the canals. Below is a detailed step-by-step process:
Using a syringe, the dentist administers anesthesia that numbs the area. Once the site is numbed, your dentist will place a dental dam, a sheet of rubber that isolates the tooth and keeps it clean and dry during the entire procedure.
The endodontist will then use small tools, a small drill to access the pulp and the roots. The drill will create an opening at the top portion of your tooth. The dentist will then use some small files to clear out the bacteria, diseased pulp, and infection from the inside of the tooth. The canals are then cleaned and disinfected using an antibacterial or antiseptic solution. The solution removes the bacteria and treats any infection present in the pulp.
The dentist will then use the small files to shape the inner side of the tooth and root. The canals are shaped so that they can receive and hold the filling. After it is shaped, it is then cleaned for the second time.
Once the canal is thoroughly cleaned and dry, it is time to fill it. Your dentist will use a rubber-like material called gutta-percha to fill it. It is placed inside the canal and then heated and compressed so that it fits on the walls. Adhesive cement is further added to seal the canals, keeping them from bacteria.
the dentist then fills the hole previously used to access the tooth’s root to prevent bacteria from entering and damaging the tooth. In some cases, the dentist might need to place a post inside the canal to strengthen the tooth.
After the procedure is done, the root canal dentist might prescribe some antibiotics that you are supposed to take to kill the rest of the infection. Your dentist will also provide you with some post-care instructions. You might experience some discomfort, but it is normal. The antibiotics will help with the discomfort.
After some time, you will go back for the second appointment, where the filling is then replaced with a crown. The crown is placed around the treated tooth to give it strength and stability. The crown is made and fabricated to match your natural teeth. Once it is placed, your teeth can handle the forces that come with chewing.
It is important to take of your dental crowns after the procedure to enable their durability. This can be done by:
Wear night guards to prevent clenching and grinding your teeth.